Monday, May 12, 2014

Resist(ance) & Watercolor

"It's easier to resist at the beginning than at the end."
     - Leonardo da Vinci

oil pastel & watercolor ~ Sara Roizen

It was pouring rain as I headed deep into Brooklyn to lead one of my art therapy groups at a residential building for adults living with chronic mental illness. It seemed fitting that I had packed watercolor for the group that day, as well as oil pastels. My thinking was that instead of fighting the rainy day, perhaps we could glean some inspiration from the puddles, soaked clothing, and failed attempts to stay dry.

As I walked to the building, there was a little doubting voice in my head that wondered whether or not the simple watercolor and oil pastel materials would be enough to entice the residents during group. As an art therapist I often find myself wondering if my 'buffet' of art materials will feed a hungry group or if they will find my offerings lacking. Each group is completely different and I always remind myself to do the same thing that I encourage my clients to the process.

As it turned out, this particular group ended up being one of the most attended and lively art therapy groups I had led in a while. My enthusiasm for the process quickly spread throughout the entire group. I did a quick demonstration by showing the clients how to create doodles in the white crayon on the white paper. Once the drawing was done, I showed how layers of watercolor could be added to reveal the white crayon lines underneath. This technique works because oil and water don't mix - hence the beautiful resist paintings that emerge. 

oil pastel & watercolor ~ Sara Roizen

One of the new group members began hesitantly and at first expressed frustration that the art was not matching the vision in his mind. A few of my more seasoned group members gently encouraged him to keep going and not worry so much about the finished product. (Always amazing when a group is in the flow and seems to run itself!) As he started a second resist painting he mentioned that he hadn't picked up an art material in years. I asked him if he remembered the last time and he said, "when I joined the army I traded my drawing pencil for a rifle." There was a collective silence and a few head nods from other group members that were veterans.

As this client continued to create, we all noticed that his pieces were becoming less self-conscious and much more fluid. His last piece was an abstract geometrical square pattern and the shapes seemed to leap from the paper. I helped him explore the idea of muscle memory and asked him if he could retrain himself in the practice of art as a parallel to his experience of training for and serving in the army. The connection between the two seemed to appeal to him and I pointed out that in only an hour and a half he had gone from a reluctant group participant to an engaged and more self-assured creator.

Quick crayon & watercolor resist tips:

  • White crayon on white paper leads to the most striking visual results, but adding other color crayon lines adds very interesting effects!
  • To create a solid and clear line, make sure to press down pretty hard on the crayon. I always tell my clients not worry if the crayon breaks! Having a few extra white crayons in your supply bin can help too.
  • The more pigment/watercolor on the brush = deeper and less transparent layers. To create a crisp visual edge, load that brush up with pigment. For more subtle washes and soft effects, use more water.
  • Many of my group members are not sure what to draw so to warm them up I encourage doodling with eyes closed, picking a shape and repeating it, or having someone else draw and then have them add the watercolor.

oil pastel & watercolor mandala journal pages ~ Sara Roizen
  • This activity appeals to the inner child as well as actual children. I have used this technique in the children's hospital with patients and parents. The adult can write a 'secret' message or create a drawing in white crayon on the paper, and then the child reveals it by adding watercolor, and plenty of opportunity to switch roles too! A beautiful and simple collaborative method.

    Enjoy this technique! It's one of the most relaxing and simple techniques I have found and always leads to amazing discoveries.


Amy Maricle said...

HI Sara:

I so appreciated this post, both for the watercolor resist technique you offered, and also especially for the commentary on our "resistance" or fear of art as art therapists. I supervise art therapists and this is a topic we often address: before addressing the client's fears of making art and taking a risk, we have to address our own fears of the same!

I can think of many occasions when I walked into a group or individual session with 1 or 2 projects in mind. Sometimes the one I have planned is more than enough, as it was for you, and sometimes, given the day, the clients, etc., it just did not pull some clients in. It's akin to the talk therapy process, but different too, because we are constantly confronting the fear of risk taking in a much more visceral way in art therapy. Our clients practice confronting their fears each time they attend group or session. In parallel process, so do we.

Thanks for your lovely post.

Amy Maricle, LMHC, ATR-BC

Janine M Ray said...

Thank you for this blog. I relate to the self-conscious fears as an arts therapist. I love the mandala idea with the wax and watercolour

Win Dinn said...

Very much enjoyed this post. As an instructor in mixed media, I LOVE the release of fear that accompanies artistic exploration...and 'somehow' this post triggered some ideas for experimenting with resists and the Gelli plate. Many thanks!